Chad D. Cotti
Department of Economics
University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh
and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Institutional Affiliation: University of Wisconsin
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2020||The Relationship between In-Person Voting and COVID-19: Evidence from the Wisconsin Primary|
with , , , : w27187
On April 7, 2020, Wisconsin held its presidential primary election, and news reports showed long lines of voters due to fewer polling locations. We use county-level variation in voting patterns and weekly county-level COVID test data to examine whether in-person voting increased COVID-19 cases. We ﬁnd a statistically signiﬁcant association between in-person voting density and the spread of COVID-19 two to three weeks after the election. In our main results, a 10% increase in in-person voters per polling location is associated with an 18.4% increase in the COVID-19 positive test rate two to three weeks later.
|January 2020||The Effects of E-Cigarette Taxes on E-Cigarette Prices and Tobacco Product Sales: Evidence from Retail Panel Data|
with , , , , : w26724
We estimate effects of e-cigarette taxes enacted in eight states and two large counties on e-cigarette prices, e-cigarette sales, and sales of other tobacco products. We use Nielsen Retail Scanner data from 2011 to 2017, comprising approximately 35,000 retailers nationally. We develop a method to standardize e-cigarette taxes as adopting localities have taxed these products in heterogeneous ways. We estimate a tax-to-price pass-through rate of 1.5. We calculate a Herfindahl–Hirschman Index of 0.245 for e-cigarette retail purchases, indicating a moderately to highly concentrated market that has been theoretically linked to over-shifting of taxes. We then calculate an e-cigarette own-price elasticity of -1.3 and positive cross-price elasticities of demand between e-cigarettes and traditional...