NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Jean-Paul Carvalho

University of California at Irvine
3151 Social Science Plaza A
Irvine, CA 92697
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Tel: 9498243417

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Institutional Affiliation: University of California at Irvine

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2016Elite Identity and Political Accountability: A Tale of Ten Islands
with Christian Dippel: w22777
Emancipation of slaves in the 1830s transformed the political elites of the British-Caribbean plantation islands. New elites were more accountable to the citizenry. We develop a theory in which two factors limit and possibly reverse the effect of this on political outcomes, with legislators (i) ‘stepping up to pass extractive policies and/or (ii) weakening democratic institutions. The theory is supported by an historical analysis of ten Caribbean plantation islands, based on original archival data on legislator race, occupation and roll-call voting. Eventually, all assemblies that experienced a significant change in composition dissolved themselves and converted to British ‘Crown Rule’.

Published: Jean-Paul Carvalho & Christian Dippel, 2020. "Elite Identity and Political Accountability: A Tale of Ten Islands," The Economic Journal, vol 130(631), pages 1995-2029.

 
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