Paul S. Niekamp
Department of Economics
Ball State University
Institutional Affiliation: Ball State University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2020||The Relationship between In-Person Voting and COVID-19: Evidence from the Wisconsin Primary|
with , , , : w27187
On April 7, 2020, Wisconsin held its presidential primary election, and news reports showed long lines of voters due to fewer polling locations. We use county-level variation in voting patterns and weekly county-level COVID test data to examine whether in-person voting increased COVID-19 cases. We ﬁnd a statistically signiﬁcant association between in-person voting density and the spread of COVID-19 two to three weeks after the election. In our main results, a 10% increase in in-person voters per polling location is associated with an 18.4% increase in the COVID-19 positive test rate two to three weeks later.