William Easterly

New York University
Department of Economics
19 W. 4th Street, 6th floor
New York NY 10012
Tel: 212/992-8684
Fax: 212/995-4186

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
NBER Program Affiliations: EFG , DEV
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate
Institutional Affiliation: New York University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2020Leader Value Added: Assessing the Growth Contribution of Individual National Leaders
with Steven Pennings: w27153
September 2019In Search of Reforms for Growth: New Stylized Facts on Policy and Growth Outcomes
November 2016The Surprising Instability of Export Specializations
with Diego Daruich, Ariell Reshef: w22869

Published: Diego Daruich & William Easterly & Ariell Reshef, 2018. "The surprising instability of export specializations," Journal of Development Economics, . citation courtesy of

July 2014African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations
with Ariell Reshef
in African Successes, Volume III: Modernization and Development, Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors
June 2012The European Origins of Economic Development
with Ross Levine: w18162

Published: William Easterly & Ross Levine, 2016. "The European origins of economic development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 225-257, September. citation courtesy of

February 2012The Role of Growth Slowdowns and Forecast Errors in Public Debt Crises
in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis, Alberto Alesina and Francesco Giavazzi, editors
December 2010African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations
with Ariell Reshef: w16597
May 2010Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War
with Daniel Berger, Nathan Nunn, Shanker Satyanath: w15981

Published: Daniel Berger & William Easterly & Nathan Nunn & Shanker Satyanath, 2013. "Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade during the Cold War," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(2), pages 863-96, April. citation courtesy of

June 2009Empirics of Strategic Interdependence: The Case of the Racial Tipping Point

Published: William Easterly, 2009. "Empirics of Strategic Interdependence: The Case of the Racial Tipping Point," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, Berkeley Electronic Press, vol. 9(1). citation courtesy of

September 2008Can the West Save Africa?

Published: William Easterly, 2009. "Can the West Save Africa?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 47(2), pages 373-447, June. citation courtesy of

May 2008Superpower Interventions and their Consequences for Democracy: An Empirical Inquiry
with Shanker Satyanath, Daniel Berger: w13992
March 2007Globalization, Poverty, and All That: Factor Endowment versus Productivity Views
in Globalization and Poverty, Ann Harrison, editor
October 2006Was the Wealth of Nations Determined in 1000 B.C.?
with Diego Comin, Erick Gong: w12657

Published: Diego Comin & William Easterly & Erick Gong, 2010. "Was the Wealth of Nations Determined in 1000 BC?," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 65-97, July. citation courtesy of

June 2006Artificial States
with Alberto Alesina, Janina Matuszeski: w12328

Published: Alberto Alesina & William Easterly & Janina Matuszeski, 2011. "Artificial States," Journal of the European Economic Association, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(2), pages 246-277, 04. citation courtesy of

July 2003New Data, New doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)
with Ross Levine, David Roodman: w9846

Published: Easterly, William, R. Levine and D. Roodman. “New data, new doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar’s 'Aid, Policies, and Growth' (2000)." American Economic Review 94, 3 (June 2004): 774-780.

January 2003Fractionalization
with Alberto Alesina, Arnaud Devleeschauwer, Sergio Kurlat, Romain Wacziarg: w9411

Published: Alesina, Alberto, et al, 2003. " Fractionalization," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 155-94, June. citation courtesy of

IMF and World Bank Structural Adjustment Programs and Poverty
in Managing Currency Crises in Emerging Markets, Michael P. Dooley and Jeffrey A. Frankel, editors
August 2002Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development
with Ross Levine: w9106

Published: Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 2003. "Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 3-39, January. citation courtesy of

October 1998Redistributive Public Employment
with Alberto Alesina, Reza Baqir: w6746

Published: Alesina, Alberto, Reza Baqir and William Easterly. "Redistributive Public Employment," Journal of Urban Economics, 2000, v48(2,Sep), 219-241. citation courtesy of

April 1997Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions
with Alberto Alesina, Reza Baqir: w6009

Published: Alberto Alesina & Reza Baqir & William Easterly, 1999. "Public Goods And Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1243-1284, November. citation courtesy of

February 1996Inflation's Children: Tales of Crises that Beget Reforms
with Michael Bruno: w5452

Published: American Economic Review, Vol. 86, no. 2 (May 1996): 213-217. citation courtesy of

August 1995Inflation Crises and Long-Run Growth
with Michael Bruno: w5209

Published: Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 41, no. 1 (February 1998): 3-26. citation courtesy of

January 1995Explaining Miracles: Growth Regressions Meet the Gang of Four
in Growth Theories in Light of the East Asian Experience, Takatoshi Ito and Anne O. Krueger, editors
May 1994The Soviet Economic Decline: Historical and Republican Data
with Stanley Fischer: w4735

Published: Easterly, William & Fischer, Stanley, 1995. "The Soviet Economic Decline," World Bank Economic Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(3), pages 341-71, September.

March 1994Policy, Technology Adoption, and Growth
with Robert King, Ross Levine, Sergio Rebelo: w4681

Published: Economic Growth and the Structure of Long Term Development, Luigi L. Pasinetti and Robert M. Solow, eds. St. Martin's Press, 1994.

October 1993Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation
with Sergio Rebelo: w4499

Published: Easterly, William & Rebelo, Sergio. "Fiscal policy and economic growth: An empirical investigation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 417-458, December 1993 citation courtesy of

September 1993Good Policy or Good Luck? Country Growth Performance and Temporary Shocks
with Michael Kremer, Lant Pritchett, Lawrence H. Summers: w4474

Published: Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 32 (1993). citation courtesy of

December 1989Policy Distortions, Size of Government, and Growth
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